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Cannabis-infused Salted Coconut Caramels

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cannabis infused caramelsCaramel is one of those classic candies almost everyone loves. Caramel is also an incredibly easy candy to make at home, although many folks hesitate. While monitoring a thermometer isn’t rocket science, there is a little intimidation factor about a recipe which requires monitoring.

Rest assured… as long as you can read a thermometer, this recipe is super simple to make!

The best part about making edible candies is the temperatures remain relatively low, so you don’t risk burning off valuable potency. Plus, bite-size edibles are easy for dosing and convenient for consuming.

Edibles in the legal market are wildly popular because they are simple and convenient, however, they can also be very expensive. Learning how to make these simple and delicious treats can save you a ton!

Before you get started, you’ll need to follow Corinne’s recipe for making cannabis-infused coconut oil, as this is your base ingredient.

In addition, here’s another tip to help you get your recipe right:

 

How High You Are… Matters

 

No, I don’t mean how much you’ve smoked before you start making the recipe! Although that could clearly have an impact on the outcome of your caramel batch. Your elevation makes a difference in the temperature you’re trying to achieve when making candy. However, regardless of what elevation you’re at, it’s easy to make the necessary adjustments.

If you’re at sea level, water boils at 212°F. However, the further you get from sea level, the lower this temperature gets. While the USDA tells us, the temperature decreases 1 degree for every 500 feet of elevation, I have found it’s more accurate just to do this simple test:

  1. Boil a small pan of water.
  2. Once it’s come to a full boil, measure the temperature of the water with your candy thermometer.
  3. Do the math. 212 – (Your water’s boiling temperature) = Degrees to reduce by

For example, I (Corinne’s web editor, Kristi) live at 8200 feet above sea level. When I boil water it comes to a boil at 200°F, so when I make candy, I subtract 12° from the target temperature in the recipe. This has saved me a lot of frustration!

Versatile, So Get Creative!

Caramels are a versatile candy of which a whole host of flavors will work to enhance your recipe, so don’t be afraid to experiment. In Corinne’s recipe, she mentions using cacao to mimic the classic tootsie roll. I have also used 2 oz. of chopped dark chocolate melted in with the mixture for a rich, delicious twist. Orange, honey, and maple are among other flavors which could be easily blended into your caramel recipes.

You can even get cute with how you package them. Amazon carries a wide variety of printed and foil candy wrappers for homemade candies and treats.

Salted Coconut Caramels cannabis infused

Salted Coconut Caramels

This recipe had everyone sneaking into the fridge at all hours of the day and night for “just one more”. They’re delicious, easy to make and so satisfying. Pulling out a batch of tasty homemade cannabis caramels from the fridge may be the best feeling you can get in this lifetime.

You can make them more like tootsie rolls by adding a little cacao, or make them more like taffy by removing them from the heat at about 230°F. The higher the temperature goes the more solid your caramel will be. So, feel free to make a small batch first and experiment to get your favorite consistency.

  1. Line a bread loaf pan with parchment paper.
  2. In a small pot over medium heat, combine:
  • 1 Cup Coconut Sugar
  • 1 Tablespoons Cannabis Coconut Oil
  • 3 Tablespoons Extra Virgin Coconut Oil
  • 1/8 Cup Filtered Water
  • 1/8 tsp Real Salt
  1. Once combined, increase heat med-high and watch the candy thermometer until it reads 240°F.
  2. Remove pot from heat and stir in:
  • 1/2 teaspoon organic vanilla extract
  1. Quickly pour into lined bread loaf pan and allow to cool in the fridge for at least an hour. The caramel should be sticky but hold together when rolled and molded.
  2. Cut caramel into 12 pieces and roll into parchment paper (for cuteness).

Cannabis-infused Salted Coconut Caramels was first posted on January 19, 2018 at 6:09 pm.
©2017 "Wake & Bake". Use of this feed is for personal non-commercial use only. If you are not reading this article in your feed reader, then the site is guilty of copyright infringement. Please contact me at wakeandbakecookbook@gmail.com

Strategies and factors associated with preparing for competing in the heat: a cohort study at the 2015 IAAF World Athletics Championships

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Introduction

The 15th International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) World Championships were held in Beijing (China) from 22 to 30 of August 2015. Based on weather patterns from the previous 10 years, it was anticipated that the event would be held in warm/hot and humid conditions, with mean and maximum daily temperatures of ∼26°C and ∼33°C, respectively, and a relative humidity of ∼73%.1 Under such environmental conditions, there is potential for both the performance and health of athletes to be compromised, leading to impairments in exercise capacity and possibly to exertional heat illness (EHI).

From a performance perspective, the influence of hot environmental conditions is largely related to exercise duration. For example, an increase in core and particularly muscle temperature is beneficial to performance (ie, the production of maximal force and power) during brief explosive efforts such as jumping and sprinting.2 In contrast, large increments in core and skin temperature (ie, thermal strain) are associated with impaired endurance performance due to an increase in thermoregulatory function exacerbating the cardiovascular response.3 ,4 Severe dehydration via excessive sweating further exacerbates the influence of heat stress on performance through a loss of plasma volume, causing hypovolaemia.5

The development of EHI may be viewed as occurring along a continuum, from relatively mild symptoms such as muscle cramps to heat exhaustion and to the more serious and life-threatening condition of exertional heatstroke.6 ,7 Although hyperthermia and dehydration can influence aerobic performance and lead to EHI, specific interventions such as heat acclimatisation and precooling can allow athletes to minimise the loss in performance associated with competing in hot ambient conditions.8 The IOC recently highlighted the need to characterise the sport and event-specific profiles of international athletes competing in the heat in a consensus statement.9 Indeed, while core temperature and heart rate have been monitored in amateur runners during a half-marathon10 and the impact of weather on marathon performance has been described for different populations,11 it remains unknown whether elite track and field athletes follow so-called ‘best practice’ approaches when preparing to compete in the heat. Understanding how elite athletes from various disciplines and global regions prepare for a major competition in the heat may help guide future practice and research.

Therefore, this study aimed to assess the EHI history, preparedness and recovery of athletes competing in the championships under potentially hot/humid conditions, as well as to identify the factors associated with different preparedness strategies. Preparation was assessed based on the athletes training in the heat prior to the championships, along with using precooling and fluid consumption strategies during competition. It was hypothesised that individuals having experienced EHI and athletes competing in endurance-type events would more commonly adopt heat stress prevention strategies.

Methods

Participants

A cohort study design was used to collect data during the IAAF World Athletics Championships in Beijing 2015. Of the 207 registered national teams invited to participate in the study, 50 (24%) accepted. The 957 athletes in these teams (49% of the 1965 registered athletes) were invited to complete a precompetition heat strategy questionnaire. Information about the purpose of the study was provided to the athletes during the accreditation procedure. A total of 307 (32%) athletes accepted to participate. The athletes were separated in five event categories: field (ie, jumps and throws), sprints (ie, 100, 200, 400 m, including hurdles and relays), middle distance (ie, 800, 1500 and 3000 m steeplechase), long distance (ie, 5000 and 10 000 m, marathon and race walking) and decathlon/heptathlon. The characteristics of the athletes in each event category are presented in table 1. The protocol for the study was approved by the Anti-Doping Lab Qatar Institutional Review Board (F2015000074). All procedures conformed to the standards of the Declaration of Helsinki.

Table 1

Characteristics of the precompetition heat-strategy questionnaire responders from 50 different national teams during the 2015 IAAF World Championships

Data collection

Participants completed a precompetition heat strategy questionnaire in the days prior to competing in their event after arriving in Beijing. The questionnaire was translated into the six IAAF official languages (English, French, Russian, Japanese, Spanish and Arabic). The questionnaire consisted of seven multiple-choice questions addressing the themes of heat illness, heat acclimatisation (≤35 days), cooling, hydration and recovery (see online supplementary appendix). Five of the questions had a section with the possibility for additional information to be provided. The questionnaire was intended to gain an understanding of the approach used by elite athletes and their coaches ahead of a major competition likely to be held in hot and humid conditions. The questionnaire focused on strategies used in the preparation, competition and recovery phases of the championships. Participating athletes completed the questionnaire on print paper, after receiving instructions from on-field researchers. In-championship heat illness was defined according to the consensus on injury and illness reporting in athletics.12 Newly incurred injuries and illnesses were recorded by national medical teams and/or by physicians on the local organising committee using procedures established at previous championships.13 ,14 Ambient air temperature and Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT: Kestrel 4400, Nielsen-Kellerman, Boothwyn, USA) were measured in the warm-up area and stadium throughout each day for the duration of the championships, as well as during the marathon and race walking events.

Definition of heat stress prevention

Four different measures of heat stress prevention were defined: (1) ‘Having trained in the heat before the championships’, (2) ‘Planning to use a precooling method before the competition’, (3) ‘Planning to consume fluids during the competition’, and (4) ‘All of (1), (2) and (3)’.

Statistical analysis

Differences of proportions of heat stress prevention strategies over different home continent, sex and event category were examined using χ2 tests with φ as effect size (φ=0.1 was considered a small effect, φ=0.3 a medium effect and φ=0.5 a large effect). An analysis of non-participating athletes was performed by comparing their distribution of home continent, the Human Development Index (HDI),15 sex and age with the final study group. Examination of potential factors explaining the use of heat stress prevention strategies at the championship was performed using logistic regression analysis. First, analyses were performed with simple models (ie, logistic regression analyses with 1 explanatory variable). Thereafter, analyses were performed with multiple models (ie, logistic regression analyses with several explanatory variables) for each of the four definitions of heat stress prevention. The multiple models were fitted using stepwise elimination of non-significant variables. The explanatory variables were sex, age, home continent, the HDI, event category, availability of medical support before the championships, experience of previous heat-related symptoms, and previously having been diagnosed with EHI. Events for these models were coded into two categories: speed/power (field, sprints and decathlon/heptathlon) and endurance (middle and long distance) events. All statistical calculations were performed using SPSS Statistics for Windows, V.21.0 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, New York, USA). All statistical tests were two-sided and outcomes with p<0.05 were regarded as statistically significant. Data are presented as mean±SD.

Results

The distribution of athletes completing the questionnaire per continent was 11.1% from Africa, 18.2% from Asia, 2.6% from Australia, 32.9% from Europe, 14.3% from North America and 20.8% from South America. A comparison of the participating and non-participating athletes revealed that while sex showed no significant difference between groups, non-participation was slightly higher in athletes over 25 years (p=0.040), in African athletes (p<0.001) and among athletes from developing countries according to the HDI (p=0.037).

Environmental conditions and EHI

Mean daily temperature and WBGT during the championships were 27±3°C and 24±2°C at 8:00, 31±3°C and 27±2°C at 12:00, and 30±4°C and 25±2°C at 16:00. Five (1.6%) of the athletes participating in the study were diagnosed with symptoms (eg, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, palpitations and syncope) associated with EHI (eg, exhaustion, dehydration) during the championships.

Heat illness symptoms and diagnosis

Approximately half (47.6%) of the athletes responding to the questionnaire reported having previously experienced at least one heat illness symptom, whereas 17% reported two or more symptoms (table 2). Event category influenced the prevalence of experiencing severe headaches during training and/or competing in the heat (p=0.049, φ=0.18), with a greater fraction of middle-distance runners and decathlon/heptathlon athletes reporting this symptom. Nausea (p=0.065, φ=0.11) and severe headaches (p=0.079, φ=0.10) tended to be symptoms more often reported in women than men during training and/or competing in the heat. Of the 26 athletes (8.5%) reporting a previous diagnosis of EHI, 3 (11.5%) reported having been diagnosed with both dehydration and heat exhaustion.

Table 2

Previous history of symptoms and diagnosis of heat illness in athletes (% of responders) competing in the 2015 IAAF World Championships

Heat training

In preparation for the championships, 15.3% of the athletes surveyed reported having prepared specifically by training in the heat. No significant differences in heat acclimatisation were observed for home continent, sex and event category. In the field events, 15.8% of athletes trained in a natural hot environment, 17.0% of sprint athletes, 13.5% of middle-distance athletes, 12.8% of long-distance athletes and 16.7% of decathlon/heptathlon athletes also reported following a heat acclimatisation regimen. The length of the regimen varied between 17±10 days (field events), 18±10 days (sprints), 18±11 days (middle distance), 23±10 days (long distance) and 30±0 days (decathletes/heptathletes). In addition, two long-distance athletes reported training indoors in an artificially hot environment (ie, heat acclimation) for 11 and 12 days, respectively.

Precooling

Approximately half (52.4%) of the athletes reported having at least one prearranged cooling strategy, 10.4% having two strategies and 4.9% having three strategies (table 3). Event category influenced the use (or not) of a strategy (p=0.012, φ=0.19), as well as use of an ice vest (p<0.001, φ=0.32), with a small-to-medium effect on the use of a neck collar (p=0.055, φ=0.17) and whole-body cold-water immersion (p=0.074, φ=0.17). Women reported using ice slurry or cold drink ingestion (p=0.005, φ=01.6) and neck collars (p=0.050, φ=0.11) more frequently than did men.

Table 3

Prearranged cooling, hydration and recovery strategies in athletes (% of responders) competing in the 2015 IAAF World Championships

Hydration

The analysis revealed differences among event categories for the volume of fluids planned on being consumed (p<0.001, φ=0.56). The most commonly reported volumes were 0.5–1 L (27.2%) and 2 L or more (21.8%; table 3). The preferred fluid composition for hydration was water, with medium-to-large differences for drinking water (p<0.001, φ=0.26), electrolytes (p=0.004, φ=0.22) and carbohydrates (p<0.001, φ=0.34) between event categories. Women preferred to consume water more than men (p=0.016, φ=0.14).

Recovery

Most athletes planned on only using one recovery strategy (26.1%), with 23.5%, 17.9% and 13.7% planning on using two, three and four strategies, respectively, while 7.5% planned on using five or more recovery strategies (table 3). There were differences between event categories in the use (or not) of recovery strategies (p=0.001, φ=0.24), including active recovery (p=0.021, φ=0.19), cold-water immersion (p=0.002, φ=0.24), electrostimulation (p=0.049, φ=0.18) and compression garments (p=0.078, φ=0.17). Women reported planning the use of recovery strategies more frequently than men (p=0.017, φ=0.14), with a greater use of massage therapy (p=0.025, φ=0.13).

Explanatory models

The simple model analyses showed that sex (females: 20.0%, males: 11.6%) (odds ratio (OR) 1.90; p=0.045), a history of experiencing heat illness symptoms (OR 1.88; p=0.048) and a previous diagnosis of EHI (OR 7.27; p<0.001) increased the likelihood of training in the heat prior to the championships (table 4). In the multiple model, only the associations between the sex of the athlete and previous EHI diagnosis remained.

Table 4

Explanatory models for training in the heat (ie, heat acclimatisation/acclimation) prior to the 2015 IAAF World Championships presented as ORs (95% CI) calculated by simple and multiple logistic regression analyses

The simple model analyses showed that precooling was influenced by sex (females: 57.8% and males: 48.3%) (OR 1.64; p=0.034), event category (OR 1.72; p=0.020), continent (p<0.001), HDI (OR 2.44; p<0.001) and having previously been diagnosed with EHI (OR 2.73; p=0.023) (table 5). Athletes originating from Asia demonstrated an increased likelihood of employing a precooling strategy (OR 2.33; p=0.015), while those from South America showed a reduced likelihood (OR 0.11; p<0.001). The multiple analyses showed that the likelihood of using precooling was higher in women (OR 1.92; p=0.014) and in athletes from Africa (OR 2.44; p=0.035) and Asia (OR 2.66; p=0.006), but lower in South American athletes (OR 0.12; p<0.001).

Table 5

Explanatory models for using a precooling strategy during the 2015 IAAF World Championships presented as ORs (95% CI) calculated by simple and multiple logistic regression analyses

Athletes competing in endurance events demonstrated a lower likelihood of using a planned fluid consumption strategy in the simple and multiple analysis models (OR 0.30; p<0.001) (table 6).

Table 6

Explanatory models for using a fluid consumption strategy during the 2015 IAAF World Championships presented as ORs (95% CI) calculated by simple and multiple logistic regression analyses

The simple heat stress prevention model analyses revealed that sex (females: 14.8% and males: 5.2%) (OR 2.61; p=0.026), home continent (p=0.024) and a previous diagnosis of EHI (OR 8.22; p<0.001) were associated with adopting a strategy which included: heat acclimatisation, precooling and a fluid consumption strategy (table 7). Athletes from South America (OR 0.12; p=0.042) were less likely to adopt such a strategy. In the multiple model, only athlete sex (OR 2.77; p=0.024) and a previous diagnosis of EHI (OR 8.64; p<0.001) remained.

Table 7

Explanatory models for the use of all three heat stress prevention strategies (ie, training in the heat, planning to use a precooling method and fluid consumption strategy) prior to and during the 2015 IAAF World Championships presented as ORs (95% CI) calculated by simple and multiple logistic regression analyses

Discussion

The aim of this study was to evaluate the history of EHI and preparedness of athletes competing in the 2015 IAAF World Athletics Championships in Beijing under potentially hot/humid ambient conditions, and to identify the factors associated with adopting different heat stress prevention strategies using a precompetition questionnaire. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report describing the preparation of elite-level athletes competing in such a high-profile event. Our results indicate that approximately half of the athletes participating in the study had previously experienced heat illness symptoms (eg, cramping, severe headaches) and 8.5% had been diagnosed with EHI, most commonly dehydration. Only 15% of athletes reported having prepared specifically for the championships by undertaking heat training regimens (mean duration: ∼20 days). It was also observed that precooling in a variety of forms was adopted by half of the athletes. The volume of fluids planned on being consumed during competition varied considerably, with field and sprint athletes mostly planning on consuming 0.5–1 L, middle-distance and long-distance athletes a mixture of volumes, and decathletes/heptathletes more than 2 L. The composition of the fluids consumed was mainly water with some electrolytes. A quarter of the athletes planned on using one recovery strategy and another quarter a combination of strategies (eg, massage, stretching, cold-water immersion). These data indicate that fluid consumption was an integral part of the approach for almost all athletes (96%) competing at the World Championships, followed by precooling (52%) and training in the heat (15%). The most common explanatory variables associated with adopting multiple heat stress prevention strategies were a previous diagnosis of EHI and the sex of the athlete, with women displaying a higher likelihood.

Our data demonstrate a personal history of cramping as being the most prevalent heat illness symptom reported, with a relatively low incidence of having previously been diagnosed with severe EHI (ie, heat stroke; table 2). During the 2015 Championships, five of the athletes participating in the study were reported as having experienced issues related to EHI. Of these athletes, two had previously experienced symptoms related to EHI during training and/or competing in the heat; however, none had been diagnosed with EHI. Three of the athletes participated in endurance events, one in a middle-distance race and the other in a field event. Two athletes had prepared by heat acclimatising, three had a precooling strategy, all had a hydration plan, and four a recovery strategy. Interestingly, the two athletes who had previously experienced EHI symptoms are the ones who heat acclimatised. Given that several risk factors are linked with the development of EHI—environmental factors, medications, drug use, compromised health status and genetic conditions—it is difficult to identify why these athletes experience EHI symptoms, despite preparing for the championships by training in the heat. Although there may be an increased likelihood of experiencing EHI when participating in high-intensity endurance events, our data suggest that athletes in shorter races and field events are also likely to be susceptible to EHI. Additional research is thus warranted to determine the potential markers indicative of EHI predisposition.

Nevertheless, <2% of the athletes participating in the study were reported as having experienced EHI symptoms. This may relate to the WBGT remaining between 23°C and 28°C during the championships, a range associated with a high but not extreme (≥28°C) risk for EHI.16 ,17 The WBGT is an environmental heat stress index and not a representation of human heat strain. As such, it may not represent the environmental conditions in which the limit of compensation is exceeded in different events, which depends on several factors (eg, metabolic heat production, athlete morphology, acclimatisation state and clothing).8 Nevertheless, these data are in line with a previous surveillance study examining the risk of heat illness in professional beach volleyball over a 3-year period.18 The authors observed that the risk of significant heat illness was very low, even though hot and humid conditions were encountered frequently, with only three cases of a medical forfeiture related to heat stress. This most likely reflects the high level of fitness of elite athletes and some degree of adaptation to heat.

It has been suggested that heat acclimatisation is the most important intervention one can adopt to reduce physiological strain and optimise performance is to heat.8 Heat acclimatisation reduces the risk of EHI, as well as induces physiological adaptations that improve thermoregulation, attenuate physiological strain and improve aerobic performance in warm/hot environments.19 ,20 It is interesting to note that a similar or even slightly lower per cent of middle-distance and long-distance athletes reported having specifically prepared for the championships by training in the heat, relative to other event categories. Given that longer duration events are the ones for which heat acclimatisation is most highly recommended,8 it was anticipated that a greater fraction of these athletes would have acclimatised. However, given that our data were separated by continent rather than country, it was not possible to determine precisely where the athletes originated from. It is thus conceivable that many athletes live and train in warm/hot summer conditions and did not report having specifically heat acclimatised. Although less than one-fifth of all athletes surveyed reported undertaking a heat acclimatisation regimen, few experienced EHI during the championships while competing in the ∼28°C and ∼55% relative humidity conditions. While these conditions can be considered warm to hot, they may not be overly oppressive for well-trained individuals by virtue of regularly increasing thermoregulatory strain when training at high intensities, and consequently developing some heat adaptation.19

Indeed, well-trained individuals exercising at the same relative intensity, but at a higher metabolic rate than untrained individuals, experience a greater rate of heat storage,21 ,22 but fatigue at similar23 ,24 or higher core temperatures.25 ,26 Accordingly, adaptations related to regular high-intensity training may allow for higher rates of whole-body heat accumulation before a reduction in work rate occurs.27 Moreover, aerobically fit individuals heat acclimatise more rapidly than those who are less fit and may have a reduced susceptibility to heat injury/illness (Gardner et al, 1996). Given that short-term heat acclimatisation (<7 days) provides some performance-enhancing benefits,28 athletes competing in the World Championships may have adapted to the heat during outdoor training sessions in the lead-up to their event while in Beijing, thus reducing the susceptibility to EHI and optimising performance. In the current study, the variable associated with a greater likelihood of training in the heat in preparation for the championships was a previous diagnosis of EHI, whereas originating from South America was associated with a lower likelihood (table 4). These observations highlight the complexity and numerous factors that influence the preparation strategy of elite athletes. Therefore, it seems important that all athletes receive appropriate information ahead of a major event expected to take place in hot and/or humid conditions regarding various preparation strategies, regardless of their country of origin, sex and EHI history.

Precooling is an intervention that is becoming increasingly popular with athletes looking to reduce thermal strain, minimise fatigue and accelerate postexercise recovery. By cooling the skin prior to competition (eg, ice vest), athletes can reduce cardiovascular strain for a short period after the onset of exercise in the heat.29 When whole-body cooling (eg, cold-water immersion) is implemented, a decrease in organ and skeletal muscle temperature occurs. Although precooling in its various forms (ie, internal and external) is interesting and appears to have been adopted by several athletes at the 2015 World Championships, the effectiveness and practicality of various cooling techniques, along with the physiological mechanisms underpinning the improvements in performance, require further investigation.29 ,30 During the championships, the factors associated with a higher likelihood of precooling were a previous diagnosis of EHI, home continent (Africa and Asia), a lower level on the HDI, sex (females 58% vs males 48%) and participating in endurance events (table 5). In addition to showing a lower likelihood of heat acclimatisation, athletes from South America also showed a very low likelihood of using precooling techniques. This most likely reflects a combination of factors, from the number of athletes participating in endurance events, to the sex of these athletes, and a previous diagnosis of EHI. Accordingly, further research is required to better understand how these factors, along with socioeconomic considerations, interact to influence the preparation and use of various heat stress countermeasures in athletes from different continents, as well as specific countries in the lead-up to a major championships.

Athletes performing exercise in warm/hot and humid environments have elevated sweat rates which can result in large body water and electrolyte deficits, exacerbating the performance impairments associated with heat stress.5 Athletes competing in the championships may have been aware of the impact that hydration status may have on performance and recovery, as more than 80% had a fluid consumption strategy (table 3). This was especially noticeable in the decathletes and heptathletes spending the better part of an entire day on the track and field, consuming water, as well as electrolytes and carbohydrates. However, it is not possible to determine from the current data if the planned hydration strategy of the athletes was different from their usual strategy in cooler environments. Interestingly, endurance athletes had a lower likelihood of adopting a fluid consumption strategy than speed/power athletes (table 6). However, this most likely relates to the decathletes and heptathletes having been included in the speed/power athlete category of the explanatory models and the nature of the question, which for some could have included the warm-up and cool down (eg, sprints).

When combined into a heat stress prevention strategy using training in the heat, precooling and having a fluid consumption strategy, South American athletes appeared to be at a very low likelihood of adopting such a strategy (table 7). However, the previous diagnosis of EHI increased the likelihood of using a combined heat stress prevention strategy eightfold.

Recovery between events/heats during an athletics competition is essential for optimising physical and mental performance. With a host of recovery options such as water immersion, compression clothing, cryotherapy, sports massage and electrostimulation,31–34 it is not surprising to have observed that ∼25% of the athletes use one recovery strategy and ∼63% at least two recovery strategies (table 3). Although there exist many potential strategies to use during competition, the ones most frequently employed were massage, active recovery, stretching and cold-water immersion.

In summary, only 15% of the athletes surveyed prepared by training in the heat ahead of the 2015 IAAF World Championships in which hot/humid conditions were expected. Approximately half had a precooling strategy, 96% a fluid consumption strategy and over 89% a recovery strategy. Although most athletes did not heat acclimatise prior to the championships, <2% experienced EHI symptoms. This may be attributed to their high level of fitness, partly conferring adaptations similar to heat acclimatisation, and to the other strategies and interventions employed during competition. Having previously experienced EHI and being female were strongly associated with using one or multiple heat stress prevention strategies. Nevertheless, it is recommended that information regarding heat acclimatisation as the primary countermeasure to protect athlete health and optimise performance be disseminated ahead of competitions to be held in hot/humid conditions to allow for adequate preparation.

Study strengths and limitations

The major strength of this study is that, to the best of our knowledge, it is the first to examine the history of EHI and preparedness of elite-level athletes competing in a World Championships in the heat, as well as to evaluate the predictors associated with using heat stress preventing strategies. It should be noted that there exist differences between a clinical diagnosis of EHI and ‘feeling sick/uncomfortable in the heat’. Since these concepts are not synonymous, the diagnostic criteria for EHI at major athletics competitions should be agreed on and uniformly applied. Although the overall response rate was relatively low (32.1%), the survey was designed to minimally disrupt the athletes. Moreover, the study was conducted during a period of an intense doping debate in athletics, which may have led to some athletes being reluctant to answer health/medical questionnaires. Accordingly, the response rate can be regarded as acceptable. Additional insights regarding the completion of this study are addressed in a companion paper.35

What is already known on this topic?

  • Specific interventions such as heat acclimatisation, pre-cooling and adopting a hydration strategy allow for optimising performance when competing in hot/humid environmental conditions.

  • Athletic events undertaken in the heat increase the risk of exertional heat illness through the development of hyperthermia and severe dehydration.

What are the new findings?

  • Only 15% of athletes heat acclimatised ahead of the 2015 IAAF World Championships in which hot/humid conditions were expected, ∼50% had a pre-cooling strategy, 96% a fluid consumption strategy and over 89% a recovery strategy.

  • A previous diagnosis of exertional heat illness and the female sex were associated with an increased likelihood of using one or multiple heat stress prevention strategies.

How might it impact clinical practice in the near future?

  • Information regarding heat acclimatisation as the primary countermeasure to protect athlete health and optimise performance should be provided to the athletes and their support staff ahead of competitions to be held in hot/humid conditions to allow for adequate preparation.

  • Athletes previously experiencing heat illness symptoms and those having been diagnosed with exertional heat illness are more likely to consider heat acclimatisation prior to competing under heat stress.

Aging in Reverse – Natalie Jill Fitness

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Aging in reverse

When I’m told “I’m too old” I choose to ignore it. You see, I’ve decided to age in REVERSE. Many people “hide” their age, but I pretty much blast it from the roof tops. Why? Because to me, I feel GREAT for 46. I am not ashamed of my age and I don’t feel the need to try and be 20 again. I love progressing towards the best me possible!

I believe in aging in reverse

What does Aging in reverse mean?

Aging in reverse means “improving” and getting BETTER, SMARTER, STRONGER as the years go by. You have more experience, more resources, more trial and error, more practice, more knowledge so WHY NOT?

Why listen to people that put “aging” into such a negative light?

Here is how to embrace aging in reverse:

Eat real food. Stay as CLOSE to natural as possible. Processed food and junk will AGE you and put unnecessary strain on your body. Our bodies were NOT designed to process chemicals, artificial junk and high doses of sugar! Keep it real unprocessing your diet

Eat your veggies and phytonutrients. Vegetables have so many amazing nutrients to help keep you feeling and looking young.  Nobody EVER “got fat” eating too many carrots! 🥕 ‘s
Seriously- don’t get me started here. Load up on those veggies!

Stay active!  Just MOVE! Park further, walk more, play, walk instead of drive, bike to run errands, take the long cut, and keep moving. Quit sitting so dang much!!! (Yup I’m yelling)

Challenge yourself always. Progression with your body as well as your mind is key. You can ALWAYS improve from where you are no matter what your age. Practice, be determined, and move forward!

Try new things and never stop with your goals. Age is not a reason to not go for your goals.
Keep negativity out of your life. If someone causes stress or brings you down there is no reason to engage with them.

Drop the excuses and self imposed stops. FIND SOLUTIONS and progress forward. You are not “too old” it’s not “too late” you are just getting started!

Age backwards. XO Natalie Jill

Outfit in above image is burgundy crush from my limited edition collection! When it’s gone it’s gone! Grab it HERE

Practice Aging Backwards with my do anywhere Bodyweight workout DVD’s HERE

 

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Bert and Ernie, gay or not? Either way, you’re right

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Muppets Ernie and Bert are friends and roommates on the long-running children’s TV show, Sesame Street. 


Video screenshot by Bonnie Burton/CNET

If you grew up watching Bert and Ernie on PBS’ long-running kids series Sesame Street, you already know the Muppet men are good friends.  

But the question is “how good”?

Are they just best buddies and roommates who like to hang out, get each other thoughtful gifts and debate pigeons and rubber duckies? Or is there something romantic going on?

The question isn’t new. But this week, it resurfaced when former Sesame Street writer Mark Saltzman revealed in an interview with LGBTQ site Queerty that yes, the beloved duo is indeed in a homosexual relationship.

“I remember one time that a column from the San Francisco Chronicle, a preschooler in the city turned to mom and asked ‘are Bert & Ernie lovers?’ And that, coming from a preschooler was fun,” Saltzman said. “That got passed around, and everyone had their chuckle and went back to it. And I always felt that without a huge agenda, when I was writing Bert & Ernie, they were. I didn’t have any other way to contextualize them.”

Saltzman, who is gay, told Queerty he always thought of himself as Ernie and his partner Arnie Glassman as Bert.

As news spread that the former Sesame Street writer finally said what many of us already suspected, the Sesame Workshop, the nonprofit educational organization behind Sesame Street, tweeted an official statement Tuesday saying the pair are just a pair of good ol’ pals.

“They were created to teach preschoolers that people can be good friends with those who are very different from themselves,” the statement said. “Even though they are identified as male characters and possess many human traits and characteristics (as most Sesame Street Muppets do), they remain puppets, and do not have a sexual orientation.”

While Sesame Street may have intended Bert and Ernie to be straight, as adults we view their relationship with a real-world filter that probably says more about us than the puppets.

LGBTQ representation on children’s shows is important, so why not add some LGBTQ characters to the Muppet roster? Muppets may be mere puppets, but Sesame Street has used them to tackle real-world issues, like the very adult topic of HIV.

Kami the Muppet starred in Takalani Sesame, the South African co-production of Sesame Street, and was created in 2002 specifically to teach kids about HIV. In fact, Kami was introduced and promoted as the world’s first HIV-positive Muppet.

Muppet designer Ed Christie spoke with the Archive of American Television about Kami the monster Muppet.

“When we include monsters in any of our shows, it defuses specific categories,” Christie said. “It doesn’t allow it to be categorized, because the monster is very abstract. You interpret it one way or you interpret it another way. Everyone brings their own experience to that character and what they get out of it.

“I think developing the HIV character as a monster allows you to not put a human stigma on it,” Christie added. “She’s adorable… and she’s got a positive attitude, but because she’s a monster, it allows you to be more accepting of this character and what her message is. People buy into it. They just love them, because they bring their own experience with it.”

And maybe that’s the bigger picture here. Bert and Ernie’s relationship is what you make of it. If you want the Muppets just to be best friends and roommates who met by chance when Bert moved out of his parents’ home to Sesame Street — that’s fine.

But if you’re a kid curious about the gay community, this could be a great tool for a parent or teacher to explain what LGBTQ means and how it could relate to Bert and Ernie’s relationship.

Everyone just wants to feel like they belong. Who are we to deny them?


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Chrissy Teigen SHREDS Critic of Post-Baby Body!

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One of the world’s favorite celebrity couples, Chrissy Teigen and John Legend, graced the 2018 Emmy Awards with their delightful presence. 


Unfortunately, one troll who isn’t aware of how Chrissy deals with shamers decided to try to body-shame her, asking if she’s pregnant.


Chrissy took to Twitter to remind the world that she’s the queen of clapback.


While the rest of us were groaning about who was robbed at the 2018 Emmy Awards, one alleged “fan” was concerned about Chrissy Teigen’s appearance.


“I’m asking this with the utmost respectful,” the tweet began, featuring a minor typo.


The tweet continues, asking a very impertinent question: “but is @chrissyteigen pregnant again?”


Oh wow.


Pro-tip, folks: there are very few respectful ways to ask if someone is pregnant if all that you have to go on is a glimpse of them in a dress.

Chrissy Teigen tweets "soo respectful"


Chrissy, even the queen of Twitter and wholly unafraid to clap back, quoted the tweet with some words of her own.


“I just had a baby,” her retort begins.


Chrissy continues: “but thank you for being soooo respectful.”


She and John Legend welcomed baby #2 back in May. Miles Theodore Stephens is just four months old.


Contrary to what some fitness bloggers and certain celebrities might make people believe, four months is not really a lot of time to recover from childbirth.


That wasn’t the harshest or most epic clapback that we’ve seen, but it was with a purpose. Chrissy’s response was proportionate.


She has spoken about her post-baby body in the past, even giving fans a glimpse of her stretch marks over the summer.


Chrissy, who previously worked as a model (though she laughs when people describe her that way now), discussed how social media can give people skewed ideas about the human body.


“Instagram is crazy,” she admited. “I think it’s awesome people have killer bodies and are proud to show them off (I really do!!)”


She continued: “but I know how hard it can be to forget what (for lack of a better word) regular ol’ bodies look like when everyone looks bonkers amazing.”


First of all, it’s great that she said bonkers because that word does not get used often enough.


Second of all, Chrissy still had more to say.


In another tweet, she wrote: “Also I don’t really call this ‘body confidence’ because I’m not quite there yet.”


“I’m still super insecure,” Chrissy admitted.


She concluded: “I’m just happy that I can make anyone else out there feel better about themselves!”


Chrissy is also not afraid to poke fun at herself, as she recently admitted on Twitter that she mispronounces her own last name.


When a fan pointed out that people say it incorrectly, Chrissy tweeted “word! gave up a long time ago. last name is tie-gen not tee-gen.”


Chrissy then went on to acknowledge that she herself will pronounce her own name “tee-gen.”


Chrissy tweeted: “I even correct people when they say it correctly. it’s all v effed up.”


She then lampooned herself for not being assertive about her name or anything else, writing: “Wrong order? I’ll eat it. Taxi going to the wrong airport? I’ll change my flight.”


Chrissy is so good.

Fava bean and dill pilaf

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June 8, 2018  • 

 

One of my very favorite pilafs! Its ideal in the Spring too, because the fava beans are in season, and the wild dill can be found everywhere in the mountains and fields nearby. I am truly sorry if these mountains are not a practical option, and if you do not grow fav beans in your kitchen garden, you would then need to seek out a farmers market or get the beans frozen and the dill in a jar.

Its a dish that is originally from Iran, although it is also popular in Iraq and served there without the saffron and with lamb shanks.

Its a very simple dish, although time-consuming. Shelling the fav beans is a test of one’s patience and if there is a youngster nearby willing to do it in exchange for a treat or some cash, I’d jump at the opportunity!  Basically, I cook the rice iranian-style (parboiled first, then layered with the ingredients and steamed for 45 minutes). Once the dill is foraged, I clean it, dry it, remove the hard stalks and chop it extra fine. The rice is rinsed first and left to soak in salty water for a couple of hours. The beans are shelled, then each bean is peeled (the skin is very thick and hard on a delicate stomach).

The Iranian version (as opposed to the Iraqi version) adds saffron to the pilaf. I love it, as it adds a flowery scent that is very pleasant. You can also make it without. Sahtein!

 

Fava bean and Dill pilaf

6 servings

Prep Time: 1 hour

Cook Time: 1 hour

Passive Time: 45 minutes

Ingredients

2 cups Basmati rice, rinsed and soaked in salty water for one hour or longer

3 cups fresh chopped dill, chopped very fine

3 cups fava beans, peeled

salt, to taste

1/2 tsp saffron, soaked in 1/2 cup warm water

1/2 tsp white pepper (optional)

3/4 cup melted butter or oil

3/4 cup water

3 cups plain yogurt

Instructions

  1. Drain the rice, and place it in a pot and cover with water. Bring to a simmer and boil for 4 minutes till grains are cooked but still firm. Drain pot.
  2. Pour half the butter in a large nonstick pot, add half the rice and saffron water. Add the dill sprinkled evenly throughout, and the fava beans, and season the pilaf. Add the rice on top. Make 3 or 4 holes in the rice with the handle of a wooden spoon and pour the remaining butter and water all over. Cover the lid with a towel and seal the pot. Place over medium heat for 10 minutes then lower the heat to very low and leave for the remainder of the 45 minutes.
  3. After 45 minutes, open the pot, check the rice, and toss it a bit to combine the ingredients. Transfer to a platter and serve immediately with plain yogurt.

 

A’s host Angels feeling hot Rays

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OAKLAND, Calif. — The Los Angeles Angels will look to further endanger the Oakland Athletics‘ chances of making the playoffs when the teams meet Wednesday night for the second time in a three-game series.

Caleb Cowart, pressed into action when regular second baseman David Fletcher was lost for the season Sunday with a hamstring injury, shocked the Oakland crowd with his first career grand slam Tuesday night, helping the Angels overcome an early three-run deficit en route to a 9-7 victory.

The win was the fourth-place Angels’ eighth in 14 meetings with their California rivals this season.

The loss dropped the A’s (90-61) a game closer to Tampa Bay (84-66) with 12 games remaining in the Rays’ season. A lead that was 8 1/2 games after the A’s won at Tampa Bay on Friday night has suddenly shrunk to 5 1/2.

Well after the Rays close out a series at Texas on Wednesday afternoon, Angels right-hander Felix Pena (3-4, 3.75 ERA) will match up with A’s lefty Brett Anderson (3-5, 4.35) for the second time in a little over a month.

The Angels prevailed 4-3 in the Aug. 10 meeting, overcoming a shaky start by Pena, who allowed first-inning home runs to Matt Chapman and Khris Davis among his first 13 pitches.

But the A’s went the final 8 2/3 innings without scoring again, and the Angels eventually overtook them on two-run homers by Kole Calhoun off Anderson and Justin Upton against Lou Trivino.

It was Trivino who served up the grand slam to Cowart in the series opener.

Pena was won his last two starts, including a six-inning scoreless effort against Texas last Wednesday in his most recent outing.

He has faced the A’s twice in his career, once as a starter, with a 0-0 record and 5.40 ERA.

Anderson is trying to pitch his way into the Oakland postseason rotation, if in fact the A’s qualify. He did not help his cause in his last start, when he lasted 3 1/3 innings in his first outing after missing time due to a forearm strain.

He has gone 1-3 with a 3.75 ERA in 11 career meetings, including eight starts, with the Angels.

Anderson has never gone head-to-head with Angels rookie Shohei Ohtani, who got on base three times via a single and two walks in Tuesday’s game.

The left-handed-hitting Ohtani has made only 15 starts against left-handed pitchers this season, but he came through with a key single against A’s lefty reliever Ryan Buchter in the Angels’ six-run sixth inning in the series opener.

He had been hitting only .205 against left-handers at the time of that at-bat.

Mike Trout homered in the win, his 35th of the season.

While he basically has no chance of catching the A’s Khris Davis (43) for the AL home run crown, Trout is shooting for his second 40-homer season.

If he makes it, chances are he’ll have to do more damage against Oakland pitching. The Angels and A’s not only meet twice more in this series, but also close the regular season with a three-game set in Anaheim.

11 Easy Tips for Eating Healthy on a Budget

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Whether you’re a student or just want to save money when shopping for food: eating healthy while sticking to a budget can be a huge challenge, but it’s possible (and really easy!). Here are 11 ways to maximize your nutritional spending power.

Woman buying groceries

Consider these tips before you go grocery shopping:

1. Invest in a water filter for your home

There are many different types to fit all budgets. Refill a glass or plastic BPA-free bottle instead of buying cases of bottled water at the store. This will reduce your cost in the long term, and it helps cut down on plastic pollution.

2. Get products from the farms in your area

Talk to the farmers about their practices. Many local farmers can’t afford to be certified as organic but follow the same practices of those that are certified, such as not spraying pesticides on their crops. They can be a great source for fruits, vegetables, and dairy products at reasonable prices.

Salad

3. Buy eggs as an alternative to meat

Eggs are typically inexpensive and are a great source of high quality protein. They are also a good source of the essential nutrient choline, vitamin B12, amino acids, and carotenoids. If you don’t use them all before the expiration date, you can boil them and keep them in the refrigerator for up to a week.

4. Buy frozen fruits and vegetables

…as they are usually less expensive than buying fresh. Another advantage is you can take out only what you need and the rest won’t go bad and be wasted. Also, buy fruits and vegetables when they’re in season and freeze them yourself.  

frozen vegetables

5. Start an herb garden

Growing your own herbs (e.g. in your kitchen or on your balcony) will save you money and you don’t have to worry about contaminants like pesticides and herbicides. This is something you can do no matter where you live – be it out in the country or the middle of a city.

6. Cook with coconut milk

It’s inexpensive and it can be used in a variety of recipes. Coconut milk is a great source of healthy fats. Lauric acid is a saturated fat that has antibacterial properties and has been linked to improved heart health. The MCTs (medium chain triglycerides) in coconuts are easily used by your brain for energy and encourage your body to burn fat for fuel.

7. Make your own nut butters

This is done by roasting the nuts in the oven, then blending them in a food processor or high powered blender. Making nut butters at home will not only save you money, but also allows you to control the added ingredients!

homemade nut butter

8. Mix some wild rice into your dining routine

Wild rice is a great substitute for white or brown rice. It has more protein than both white and brown rice – and it’s a complete protein, meaning it contains all essential amino acids. It’s actually a grass, making it a good source of several phytonutrients. Wild rice is also high in fiber, antioxidants, and phosphorus. Phosphorus is a key mineral for bone health and can help prevent stress fractures.(1)

9. Cook with lots of fresh garlic

It’s inexpensive and has many health benefits. Garlic acts both as a natural antibiotic and antiviral agent. It also supports heart health and research indicates that it may reduce cancer risk.(2) The main active ingredient disappears within about an hour after you cut into it, so it’s best to eat garlic fresh when possible!

raw garlic

10. Buy “bone in” meats

They typically cost less than boneless and come with an advantage: the bone marrow.  Approximately 70% of bone marrow’s calories are healthy monounsaturated fatty acids. These can lower cholesterol and reduce heart disease risk.(3)

11. Make your own bone broth

This is easier than it may sound and it uses leftover carcass bones that would otherwise be thrown away. Basically, you simmer the bones for about 24 hours in a pot or slow cooker. It’s easy to find simple instructions online. Bone broth supports digestion(4, 5), joint health,(6) skin health,(7) and boosts immunity.

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Crowdsourcing the hunt for software bugs is a booming business—and a risky one

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They are the Ubers of the digital security world. Instead of matching independent drivers with passengers, companies like Bugcrowd and HackerOne connect people who like to spend time searching for flaws in software with companies willing to pay them for bugs they find.

This cybersecurity gig economy has expanded to hundreds of thousands of hackers, many of whom have had some experience in the IT security industry. Some still have jobs and hunt bugs in their spare time, while others make a living from freelancing. They are playing an essential role in helping to make code more secure at a time when attacks are rapidly increasing and the cost of maintaining dedicated internal security teams is skyrocketing .

The best freelance bug spotters can make significant sums of money. HackerOne, which has over 200,000 registered users, says about 12 percent of the people using its service pocket $20,000 or more a year, and around 3 percent make over $100,000. The hackers using these platforms hail mostly from the US and Europe, but also from poorer countries where the money they can earn leads some to work full time on bug hunting. (For a profile of a freelance ethical hacker based in the Philippines, see our Jobs of the Future series.)

Code cleaners

More and more large companies like GM, Microsoft, and Starbucks, are now running “bug bounty” programs that offer monetary rewards to those who spot and report bugs in their software. Platforms like Bugcrowd can help by alerting the hacking community to programs being launched, prioritizing bugs sent on to firms, and handling things like payments.

Richard Rushing, chief information security officer for smartphone maker Motorola Mobility, says he really likes crowdsourcing bug searches because it means lots of eyes are constantly scrutinizing code, and because freelance hunters report software flaws fast in order to scoop up bounties before rivals do.

Moreover, at a time when experts are forecasting that 3.5 million cybersecurity jobs worldwide will be vacant by 2021 because there aren’t enough skilled workers, freelancers can ease some of the strain on internal teams.

Still, the platforms face a couple of big challenges. One is to keep expanding the pool of talented bug hunters. Another is to establish greater legal clarity about what tools and techniques ethical hackers can safely use. Popular tactics such as using injection attacks, which involve inserting code into software applications that could change the way the programs are executed, could potentially lead to prosecution under anti-hacking laws such as America’s Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA).

There have already been cases where security researchers and reporters have faced possible legal action for unearthing and reporting vulnerabilities in companies’ code. It would take only a couple of high-profile lawsuits to have a chilling effect on the industry.

Hacker uni

To address the talent challenge, the crowdsourcing platforms are publishing far more content to help hackers upgrade their skills and to attract more people to gig work. Bugcrowd just unveiled Bugcrowd University, which offers free webinars and written guides to things like Burp Suite (yes, that’s really the name), which is a graphical tool for testing web applications’ security.

The platform is also working with experienced ethical hackers to help it spot and train promising freelancers. The best recruits are curious, tenacious, and willing to adapt fast. “The technology’s evolving so quickly that it’s often hard to catch up [with it],” explains Phillip Wylie, Bugcrowd’s talent spotter in Dallas.

HackerOne is also publishing more training material and coaches independent bug hunters—who can be quirky and sometimes abrasive characters—in soft skills like how to communicate more effectively with corporate IT departments.

Legal air cover

On the legal front, the platforms are pushing for more “safe harbor” language to be inserted in contracts governing bug bounties. The aim, says Adam Bacchus of HackerOne, is to get companies to be clear that if hackers follow the rules of engagement within reason, they won’t wind up being taken to court.

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Bugcrowd has partnered with Amit Elazari, a security researcher whose work has highlighted the need for safe harbor language, to launch an initiative called disclose.io to create a standardized framework for finding and reporting bugs. This would provide explicit authorization for using bug-hunting techniques that would normally be clear violations of provisions in anti-hacking statutes.

It complements a broader push in the US by groups such as the Electronic Frontier Foundation to stop companies from using laws like the CFAA to silence researchers who find serious flaws and disclose them in a responsible manner.

Casey Ellis, Bugcrowd’s founder and chairman, says some other countries, like the UK and Germany, also have strict anti-hacking laws that could be used to stymie ethical hacking.

Such laws are needed to prevent hackers of all kinds from causing havoc. The challenge ahead is to strike a sensible balance between protecting ethical hackers and shielding companies from rogue ones out to cause harm. Getting this right won’t be easy, but given the dire talent shortage in the cybersecurity world, it’s an issue that we urgently need to address.

Update (August 27): This article has been updated to show Amit Elazari’s role in launching disclose.io

John C. Reilly looks like a late breaking Academy Award player in the Trailer for “Stan & Ollie”

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If there’s going to be a late breaking Oscar contender in 2018, we may have found it. Hardly on the radar until recently, Stan & Ollie has a chance to crash the Academy Award party this year. There’s been rumors that it was one to watch, so now that we have a Trailer that dropped yesterday, it is easy to see why. Charming yet emotional, voters could go for this in a big way. We’ll discuss that shortly, and you’ll be able to see the Trailer as well. Watch out for this one, especially in terms of one specific category. You’ll see what I mean in a bit.

The movie is a biopic about the legendary comedy duo Laurel and Hardy. This is the synopsis for the biographical dramedy: “The true story of Hollywood’s greatest comedy double act, Laurel and Hardy, is brought to the big screen for the first time. Starring Steve Coogan and John C. Reilly as the inimitable movie icons, Stan and Ollie is the heart-warming story of what would become the pair’s triumphant farewell tour. With their golden era long behind them, the pair embark on a variety hall tour of Britain and Ireland. Despite the pressures of a hectic schedule, and with the support of their wives Lucille (Shirley Henderson) and Ida (Nina Arianda) – a formidable double act in their own right – the pair’s love of performing, as well as for each other, endures as they secure their place in the hearts of their adoring public.” Reilly plays Oliver Hardy, while Coogan is Stan Laurel. They look spot on too. Jon S. Baird directs a script by Jeff Pope. Also in the cast here are Danny Huston, Stephanie Hyam, and more. Rolfe Kent handles the score, while Laurie Rose does the cinematography.

This film, going by the Trailer, looks to be a showcase for Reilly. Not only does he really look like Hardy, it seems like he’ll make you laugh and cry in equal measure. Having never won an Oscar, he could be seen as due for a statue. Even if that’s not the case, the quality of the work could make him a threat to win. More on that next, but keep that in mind when you watch the Trailer. He’s front and center, obviously. Sony Pictures Classics recent acquired it with similar thoughts, so you know there will be an effort put forward to get him and it recognized.


Awards wise, Stan & Ollie could be a real factor with Oscar voters. Look for a campaign in Best Picture, Best Director (for Baird), Best Actor (for Coogan and/or Reilly, depending on category placement), Best Supporting Actor (also for Coogan and/or Reilly, for the same reason), Best Original Screenplay (for Pope), Best Production Design, and Best Makeup & Hairstyling. Reilly especially seems like the play, in particular if he goes Supporting. In Supporting Actor, he could even be a real threat to win. If that happens, there’s a possibility that Picture could come along for the ride too. Sleep on this one at your own risk.

Below is the Trailer for Stan & Ollie, which should give you an idea how good Reilly looks in the flick. There isn’t a release date hammered down yet, but expect Sony Pictures Classics to sneak this one in before the end of the year. If not, it’ll certainly be a 2019 contender, but bet on it being a 2018 hopeful. There will be lots more to say about this one soon, presumably, so sit tight there. In the meantime, take a gander at the Trailer. It looks like it has the potential to be a real awards season highlight. Behold now the Stan & Ollie goodness…

Here now is the Trailer for Stan & Ollie:

Stay tuned for more on Stan & Ollie as the season progresses!